List of All Igbo Speaking States in Nigeria

In this article, we are going to explore the IGBO TRIBE and the states this tribe occupies. Igbo speaking states in Nigeria are states that are occupied by the Igbo people. Also known as the IBO tribe, this tribe is one of the oldest and most well-recognized tribes in Nigeria.

In Nigeria, we have three major tribes and languages. These tribes have more members and occupy a substantial land mass and have one of the more prominent traditions amongst other features which make the tribe and the language stand out among the many tribes that co-exist in Nigeria.

The three major tribes are the Igbo tribe which speaks Igbo, the Hausa tribe which speaks Hausa and the Yoruba tribe which speaks Yoruba.

The Igbo people who occupy these Igbo speaking states in Nigeria speak the Igbo language although they have variations in dialect depending on the location. For e.g. different villages within a state may speak varying dialects of Igbo but there is the general dialect known as the common Igbo (Igbo Izugbe) which is taught in schools regardless of any personal dialect. The Igbo language is the main means of communication in all Igbo-speaking states.

List of all Igbo Speaking States in Nigeria

The list of all Igbo speaking states in Nigeria enumerates all the states in Nigeria that speak the gibe language. These states are generally located in the south-eastern geo-political zone of the country with one exception.

They are six (6) states that have been categorized as Igbo speaking states in Nigeria. The Igbo speaking states in Nigeria are

1) Enugu state
2) Anambra state
3) Imo state
4) Abia state
5) Ebonyi state

Let’s Briefly Look Into The Igbo Speaking States In Nigeria. This Is A Brief Overview Of The Igbo Speaking States In Nigeria.

Igbo Speaking States in Nigeria
Igbo Speaking States in Nigeria

Enugu State

Enugu state is popularly regarded as the unofficial capital of the Igbo speaking states in Nigeria. The state has seventeen (17) local government areas and is one of the more popular Igbo speaking states across Nigeria.

Enugu state has been regarded as a peaceful state for decades with an excellent environment for family and working life. The state was created from the Old Anambra state in 1991 and is named “Enu-Ugwu” meaning on top of a bill to celebrate the hilly nature of the state.

The Igbo speaking states slogan is coal city after the coal deposit common in the states. This Igbo speaking state is also home to some of the most prestigious and high-ranking universities, polytechnic, and teaching colleges in Nigeria such as the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), and Enugu state university of science and tech. (ESUT), Peace land college of education etc.

Enugu can boast of a good academic climate for its resident. The Igbo speaking state of Enugu speaks Igbo as the main indigenous language.

Anambra state

Anambra state has long been regarded as the wealthiest Igbo speaking state in Nigeria and is notably also the oldest and most populated Igbo speaking state in Nigeria. Home to the most millionaires across all Igbo speaking states and Nigeria, Anambra is a prosperous state.

The state is well-known as a center and conducive environment for commerce and trade which influenced the Onitsha main market, one of the biggest markets in Nigeria and the biggest among the Igbo speaking states in Nigeria. The Igbo speaking state is also home to some major industries in Nigeria such as Innoson motors.

The state was named after the Anambra River. Anambra state also has the Niger bridge connecting the Onitsha town in Anambra to the Asaba town of delta and has one of the major ports in the country. The Igbo speaking state is also home to the prestigious Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK) amongst other schools. The people of Amara speak Igbo as their main native language.

Imo state

Imo state is the oldest Igbo speaking state in Nigeria and is the home of the general Igbo spoken by all Igbo people regardless of dialect. This fact inspired the state’s slogan “Eastern Heartland”. Similarly to Anambra state, Imo state was also named after the Imo River in the state.

The capital of the state Owerri is one of the major cities in the state. Imo state is also a wealthy state due to the large abundance of mineral resources found in the state’s geography including black gold (oil). This has made this Igbo speaking state one of the 9 oil producing states in Nigeria and has contributed majorly to the prosperity of the Imo state.

This oil producing Igbo speaking state is a favorite for oil companies such as Chevron Co., Agip petroleum, etc. and they provide employment which boosts the state’s economy and wealth. The Igbo speaking state of Imo speaks Igbo as their main native language.

Abia state

Abia state is an Igbo speaking state and was carved out from the old Imo state in 1991. The state due to its origins also speaks general Igbo as its main dialect, especially in the state’s capital, Umuahia.

The state has one of the biggest manufacturing industries in all Igbo speaking states and Nigeria is centered in Aba, a major city in Abia state. The Igbo speaking state just like its origin state is also one of the 9 oil producing states in the country and this contributes to the employment and wealth of the state’s economy.

The state has also produced some of Nigeria’s most notable footballers and has a top-ranking football club in Aba. The manufacturing industry is particularly known for its shoe production which is one of the biggest shoes manufacturers in Nigeria.

The Igbo speaking state of Abia may be one of the less-known states but the state has continued to prosper since its creation. The Igbo speaking state o Abia state speaks Igbo as their main native language.

Ebonyi state

Ebonyi state is an Igbo speaking state and was created from Abia state and Enugu state in 1996. The state has proved its mirth as it is one of the fastest growing and developing states among the Igbo speaking states.

The capital Abakiliki is a major city in the state and has most of the urban developments and improvements centered there. An academic hub, Ebonyi state has some of the best schools among the Igbo speaking states such as the Alex Ekueme federal University (FUNAI), Ebonyi state university which is a favorite for medical science students, and many more.

The state is the youngest Igbo speaking state and the dialect may be influenced by the Hausa region close to it but Ebonyi state is an Igbo speaking state. The Igbo speaking state of Ebonyi speaks Igbo as their main native language.

Read Also: Tribes With The Cheapest Bride Price in Nigeria

Conclusion

The Igbo speaking states of Nigeria are occupied by a significant amount of the Igbo tribe of which Igbo is their main language. The Igbo people consist of over 25% of Nigeria’s population.

The Igbo speaking states may have a smaller land mass in comparison to other major tribes but the Igbo people have not been cowed by such factors.

These five Igbo speaking states are each well-known for producing strong and innovative people. The Igbo speaking states are not the only home to the Igbo people as some south-south states have minor Igbo tribes such as delta (the Anioma people), Rivers state, and even Bayelsa state, etc.