The 25 Poorest Countries In Africa 2021 – [IMF Current Data]

Economically speaking, Africa is the most disadvantaged continent on the planet. Therefore, the 25 poorest countries in Africa do not come as a surprise, the African continent has nine out of the ten poorest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita.

According to data provided by the International Monetary Fund this year 2021, Burundi is the poorest country in Africa with a GDP per capita of just $267 per year.

Mind you, Burundi is not the only African country with devastating numbers; up to 22 African countries have a GDP per capita of less than a thousand dollars.

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The poorest countries in Africa according to their GDP per capita

The data below corresponds to 2021 by the International Monetary Fund.

S/NCountryGDP per capita (in USD)
1.Burundi267
2.South Sudan322
3.Malawi397
4.Mozambique430
5.Sierra Leone470
6.Democratic Republic of Congo477
7.Zimbabwe516
8.Central African Republic521
9.Madagascar554
10.Niger567
11.Eritrea632
12.Liberia646
13.Chad710
14.Sudan713
15.Togo758
16.Gambia808
17.Rwanda819
18.Guinea-Bissau843
19.Burkina faso850
20Ethiopia917
21.Uganda971
22.Mali992
23.Zambia1010
24.Lesotho1020
25.Guinea1070
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The poorest African countries according to their nominal GDP

The data below corresponds to 2021 by the International Monetary Fund.

S/NCountryNominal GDP (in millions of USD)
1.Sao Tome and Principe480
2.Seychelles1240
3.Guinea-Bissau1570
4.Gambia2020
5.Cape Verde2070
6.Lesotho2130
7.Eritrea2280
8.Central African Republic2570
9.Liberia3110
10.Burundi3270
11.Djibouti3730
12.Sierra Leone3840
13.Swaziland4210
14.South Sudan4580
15.Somalia5370
16.Maldives5460
17.Togo6440
18.Mauritania7550
19.Zimbabwe8000
20Malawi8530
21.Rwanda10,620
22.Republic of Congo10,900
23.Namibia11,490
24.Equatorial Guinea11,620
25.Chad12,010
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