The world population is advancing at an exponential rate and that is why we increasingly tend to vertical constructions. In the 19th century the tallest building in the world was the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, today the tallest one surpasses it by more than 600m.
In this article, we have compiled the list of the tallest buildings in the world stating the edifice location, height and every other thing you need to know about each of them. It is known that by 2021 the Jeddah Tower will become the tallest building on Earth. Do you want to know which are the 20 tallest buildings in the world?
The 20 Tallest Buildings in the World in 2021
We know the interest that this topic arouses. The tallest buildings in the world are a recurring quest from a young age and possibly a “fight” between States for having the most imposing and original skyscraper and that also becomes the postcard image of a city.
The spearhead of a skyline takes center stage and from 9jatoday we have discovered the 20 tallest buildings in the world, many of them are landmarks of contemporary architecture.
20. Trump International Hotel and Tower (423m)
At the bottom of our list is the Trump International Hotel and Tower. This building, opened in Chicago in 2009, according to its developer, the building was said to belong to the current President of the United States, Donald Trump, the tallest building in the world. However, during its construction and after the 2001 attacks in New York, it was decided to reduce the height of the tower and since then it lost the title of the tallest building in the world.
19. 432 Park Avenue (426m)
At 426m, this building in New York is now number 19 on the list of the tallest buildings in the world. Its name was given by the street and the number in which it is located, which, thanks to its strategic position in the center of the city, was for many years the most demanded lot in New York. For its construction, it became necessary to demolish a large hotel built on the land in the 1920s.
18. Marina 101 (427m)
If until now it seemed that the United States dominated the ranking of the tallest buildings in the world, now it is the turn of Asia to demonstrate what it is capable of. Marina 101 located in Dubai is only one meter higher than the previous building on the list, although it was planned to rise to 432m and be called Dream Dubai Marina. The 101 of its current name is due to the number of plants it has.
17. Wuhan Center (438m)
This building located in China has taken almost a decade to be built after the first proposal made in 2008. It was intended to reach the world peak and bring the Wuhan Center to be the tallest building in the world, however today it occupies the 17th on the list and it is also not the highest in China.
16. Guangzhou International Finance Center (439m)
It is one of the towers that form the Canton Twin Towers complex, it has a mixed use between office building and hotel. Opened in 2010, it was never the tallest building in the world, but it did hold the record in its country, China.
15. Kingkey 100 (442m)
Another construction worthy of being on our list of tallest buildings in the world is also found in China, specifically in the city of Shenzen. Like the building in the previous post, the Kingley 100 has a mixed use as a six-star hotel and office building, with the novelty that the last four floors have a beautiful garden and various restaurants and, in the lower part, you will find a shopping center with luxury brands. It has the same meters as the Willis Tower, however, this exceeds it if we consider the antenna that it has at the top of the building.
14. Willis Tower (442m)
This tower is located in Chicago and was the tallest building in the world for more than 20 years. During these two decades, the Willis Tower has changed its name and has not been without controversy. In 1996 there was no consensus on whether the tallest building in the world should be the Willis Tower or the Petronas Towers, so a number of factors were considered for the ranking, such as the height of the highest floor or the height of the highest architectural element.
For this last reason the spiers are considered part of the building, so the Petronas Towers replaced the Willis Tower in the ranking. In the original plan of the attack of September 11, 2001, it was foreseen that an airplane would demolish this tower.
13. Zifeng Tower (450m)
This building dates from 2010, it has an observation platform at a height of 270m from which you can see the entire city center. Its design was submitted to competition and the best prototype was signed by the architects Strabala Marshall and Adrian Smith, who also worked on the building that is now number one in the classification.
12 and 11. Petronas Twin Towers (452m)
These magnificent works of art of contemporary architecture are located in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. Its construction was finalized in 1998, making it one of only two buildings from the 20th century that appears on the list. These are two huge mixed-use towers that became the tallest buildings in the world from the end of their construction until 2003. The design of the entire complex is of Islamic reference, due to the Muslim heritage that this country carries.
Their striking design has made them the scene of filming for some films such as “The Trap” and have even served as inspiration for video game scenarios.
10. International Commerce Center (484m)
A super-luxury hotel is located on the last 15 floors of this 108 building, which today is the second tallest hotel in the world. This building also belongs to China (Hong Kong) and at the time of its inauguration, it was the second tallest in the country.
9. Shanghai World Financial Center (491m)
This building is the most original on the list in terms of its design since it incorporates an opening in its upper part to combat the pressure that the wind would exert on the building. Initially, this opening was to have a circular shape, but they decided to change their mind since the building is located in China and the circle is reminiscent of the flag of Japan, one of its greatest rivals on an economic level. However, the controversy is served, since its sharp shape is assimilated to the famous Japanese swords called “katanas” and, when dawn breaks, the shadow of the building covers the city with its characteristic shape.
All this, together with the fact that the building is owned by the Japanese Mori group, has made this structure not only one of the tallest buildings in the world but also one of the most controversial.
8. Taipei 101 (508m)
Located in the capital of Taiwan and with its 106 floors, 5 of which are underground, it is the tallest ecological building in the world. Its elevator advances at a speed of 16.33 meters per second, or what is equal to 1.01 km/minute, making it the fastest elevator in the world. It is designed in such a way that it can withstand earthquakes of up to 7 degrees on the Richter scale and winds of more than 450 km / h.
7. CTF Finance Center (530m)
It is another Chinese building located in Guangzhou. It has three uses: as an office building, residential and hotel. It is linked to the railway through a connection to the metro and also to neighboring buildings thanks to bridges and walkways that connect them.
6. One World Trade Center (541m)
This skyscraper is the tallest in the west and is located in the World Trade Center architectural complex, where the Twin Towers were located before the 9/11 attacks. Its construction process began just two years after the attack. With more than one hundred meters of antenna, which in this case is included in the official height of the building, it is the tallest office complex in the world.
5. Lotte World Tower (555m)
The only South Korean building in the ranking is also the latest addition to the list. It has 555m divided into 123 plants, in the last of these is the highest observation platform in the world. The building had to wait 13 years for approval to be built, but it accomplished what it was after, a stylized cone-shaped structure with convex sides that enhances the Seoul city skyline.
4. Ping An Finance Center (599m)
Only a meter away from reaching 600, the Ping An Finance Center, belonging to a financial complex with other large buildings, is the second tallest tower in China. From the top floor of the building, it is estimated that 1991 square meters can be seen around. Its name is given by a Chinese insurance company with the same name, who commissioned its construction.
3. Abraj Al Bait (601m)
The tallest building in Saudi Arabia enters the list winning the bronze medal. It is a group of buildings located in the center of Mecca. Located next to the Kaaba, the holiest place in the world according to the Muslim religion, Abraj Al Bait incorporates a prayer room that can accommodate up to four thousand people. The highest part of the building is crowned with a clock that can be seen up to 25 kilometers away and holds the record for the largest in the world. In addition, it has the tallest hotel in the world and the largest building in terms of volume.
2. Shanghai Tower (632m)
It is the tallest building in China, a country that enters this list of the 20 tallest buildings in the world up to 9 times. It has 128 floors and its design is very innovative. The tower is built in the form of nine cylindrical buildings stacked on top of each other. It has nine interior gardens along with its different levels and is considered a public space for residents of Shanghai, as well as spaces to celebrate a variety of events at the base of the tower and the highest unobstructed observation deck in the world.
The construction of the building used sustainable techniques and its façade uses the minimum amount of construction material stipulated to also help the sustainability of the planet. It is located near the Shanghai World Financial Center, which occupies number 9 of the classification.
In addition to these two buildings, there is the Jin Mao with a height lower than the other two.
1. Burj Khalifa (828m)
The Burj Khalifa is located in the city of Dubai (United Arab Emirates) and has earned the title of the tallest building in the world. With its 828m high, exceeds by 196 m. to the second tallest building in the world.
Originally this construction was going to be almost 300 meters less, that is, it was going to measure just enough to surpass the tallest building of that time and there was also a change of location since it was originally going to be built in Australia. It is estimated that it will hold the highest skyscraper title in the world until 2021 when it is expected to be surpassed by the Jeddah Tower in Saudi Arabia.
The tallest building in the world in 2021: The Jeddah Tower (Over 1,000 meters high)
You may not know what we are talking about, but the Burj Khalifa will cease to be the tallest building in the world in 2021, which is the speculated time the construction of the Jeddah Tower is scheduled to finish.
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The Jeddah Tower will become the tallest skyscraper in the world exceeding 1,000 meters in height and its location will be Saudi Arabia. The construction process began in 2011 and despite the fact that it was scheduled to end in 2018, it will be inaugurated in 2021, as announced by Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal, who promoted this ambitious project.
Construction stopped in 2018 due to some economic problems that seem to have been solved, but have delayed its opening for at least 2 years.
Are you missing any on this list? If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to leave us a comment.