How To Start Grasscutter Farming Business: Beginners Guide

How can I start a grasscutter farming business in Nigeria? It isn’t a new thing that most people are now going into agriculture in Nigeria most especially the new graduates.

It is a good thing to do because farming business is the best and last resort for every nation, though most people shy away from it.

Now without much ado, let us reveal the secrete of a grasscutter farming business to you in this article.

What is Grasscutter Farming?

Grasscutter farming is the act of breeding or rearing grasscutters as a business for micro livestock, commercial purposes, and for agricultural purposes. Grasscutter farming has so far been proven to be in high demand.

It is a very lucrative business that every business-minded individual should take advantage of as it is a great source of income to the person rearing it and to the economy of the nation.

According to reports from the global market, there is a huge demand for grasscutter meat, and the breeding of grasscutter has so far increased rapidly within a short period of time most especially in Nigeria and West Africa as a whole making it one of the top 10 animals whose meat is in highest demand in the market.

How much does it cost to start a grasscutter farm? Let us quickly take you through what the grasscutter business entails through an easy approach.

Sure you must have some questions in mind like, how do I rear grasscutters? How profitable is Grasscutter farming? How long does it take a Grasscutter to mature? what are the dangers involved in rearing grasscutters? how much is the startup for a grasscutter business? All your questions will be answered here;

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What is Grasscutter?

A grasscutter (Thyronomys Swinderianus), which is also known as the marsh cane-rat or groundhog is small-sized livestock (micro livestock) that is known for its adaptability to tropical vegetation which also belongs to the Hystricomorpha (porcupine family) and are usually located in mangroves, savannas, rainforests, and swamps.

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During the early stage of development of a grasshopper, it feeds on milk from the mother for approximately six weeks and when it is matured feeds on cassava roots, rice, elephant grass, millet, sugarcane, and other crops.

Concerning the ration of food they eat, you have nothing to worry about as they don’t eat much compared to other livestock also they taken just a little water.

Grasscutter Price In Nigeria

How much does grasscutter cost in Nigeria? The price of a matured market-ready grasscutter in Nigeria ranges between N4,000 to N5,500 while the colonies of grasscutters could be priced and sold between N35,000 to N40,000, while 500 pieces of grasscutter can earn you up to 2 million to 2.7 million Naira.

How does that sound? Profitable I guess …

Though depending on the size and area, colonies can sometimes be sold as high as N80,000.

What are the things to consider when starting a Grasscutter business?

We have various numbers of factors to consider when starting a grasscutter business in Nigeria. When you ignore the factors, it might negatively affect the rate of production of grasscutters, so it is very important you pay attention to this and do what is required to attain success in this business.

It is good to know that the grasscutter is very lucrative and at the same time has some challenges which might discourage you when you ain’t doing it right.

We’ve provided some of the things to consider for you to properly start up your grasscutter business.

Target market

There is a high demand for grasscutter meat which is classified as white meat especially by hotels and urban communities that have a high taste and unique merchandise for the meat.

Do you want to know the best strategy for getting the best sales? You just need to site your farm in close proximity to the location we mentioned earlier and you will be successful in the business than some that started before you.

Mind you, grasscutter isn’t in any way tainted or unclean meat as it is accepted by every tribe, tradition, and religion.

Cost Of Breeding And Production

How much does it cost to startup a grasscutter business? You should know that the acquisition, maintenance, and breeding of grasscutters is of high importance because any wrongdoing might have adverse effects or terrible consequences.

For an average starter, the farmer will spend up to 85,000 Naira for a small scale production process of grasscutter farm.

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With as little as 85,000 Naira, you can get matured bucks for as low as 12,000 Naira and the doe for about 14,000 – 15,000 Naira as an average price.

The price of a served doe ranges from 18,000-20,000 Naira. While the cost of their monthly feeding is about N230 for each grass cutter, that is a reasonably cheap amount.

Having in mind the cost of their medical maintenance when the need is in addition to the amount of getting the livestock, all should total at N85,000.

Grasscutter Farming Cages

How do I get a grasscutter cage? Grasscutters are kept in cages or pens and the number of cages usually depends on the number of grasscutters you want to rare. The cages are always made of metal, spacious, and well ventilated. The layout of the pen depends on the construction material used in making them.

It is important you also know that Grasscutter doesn’t like sleeping where they eat! So when making a cage for them you must put into considerations to make a suitable cage that will give room for the sleeping place and dining and playing place.

Pests And Diseases Common To Grasscutters

Grasscutter farmers must be aware of the common diseases of the livestock so as to make necessary preparations and follow precautions to avoid pests and diseases. Just like every other farmer like the fish farmers, crop farmers, cattle farmers, and others, there should always be provision for medical care.

You need t know the disease-carrying pathogens, and diseases peculiar to grasscutters, this will help you have a neat and healthy farm.

Pneumonia in Grass cutters

It is a frequent occurrence found among all types of grasscutters. It is induced by a bacterium called Diplococus Pneumonate, which thrives in cold weather.

To avoid this occurrence, check that the grasscutters are well protected from the severe cold during cold weather and avoid feeding them with dusty food.


Ecto-parasites such as fleas, lice, and ticks are common among grasscutters. These parasites can be taken care of removed by a medical immersion process.

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Worms also manage to enter through the grasscutter by hiding in wet and contaminated plants that the grasscutters feed on, and also hiding in the withered forage. Worms can be eliminated by deworming the grasscutters regularly.

Other Grasscutter Diseases

Some other diseases most common to the are; Staphylococeamia, caused by the bacterium staphylococcus aureus, which leads to nasal and vaginal discharge which can be effectively treated with antibiotics.

These are not common but it will be of good importance to know them so as to know how to handle any situation related to the listed diseases. Coccidiosis caused by protozoa which belong to the Eimeria family which results in diarrhea, loss of appetite, and fatigue.

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Breeding of Grasscutter

Not only raring of grasscutters should be focused on, but you can also make extra cash from the breeding of grasscutters. If you’ve made up your mind to start the business  of breeding grasscutter then here are the requirements you must meet;

  • You have to make a selection of healthy and well-developed grasscutters for breeding because the quality will reflect in the progeny.
  • You have to ensure that the weight of the grasscutter which you intended to use for breeding should not exceed 8kg and should also not be less than 5kg either.
  • Make sure that you pen down a record of production of the mother as this will make you to know what to expect from her.

At the age of 6 months, the female grasscutter is due for mating of which every 6 months you have much more little grasscutter as it takes up to 150 – 152 days for the mother gestation period which translates to twice in a year.

The pregnant ones do experience spike in temperature and urinate often during this period so you don’t have to worry once this is happening.

Also, make sure that the male should be around 8 months and not less than that, you can also group the males you want to use for mating purposes.



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