What are the largest cities in Africa? This post consists of the top ten biggest cities in Africa and every detail you need to know about each of the cities.
Africa is the third-largest continent on planet Earth and according to studies carried out, it is believed that this continent was the cradle of humanity since the first hominids lived in it.
Among its most important cities are Nairobi, Kinshasa and Cairo, which have a high rate of economic growth. In addition to this, these cities are great cultural and historical centers of the world, which makes them important tourist centers.
Read Also: Top 10 Best Tourist Destinations in Africa
The largest cities in Africa are:
1. Lagos (21.3 million inhabitants)
Lagos is the largest city in Africa in terms of population, it is a city located in Nigeria. It is a port entity and is one of the most important cities in Nigeria with 21,320,000 inhabitants. The city of Lagos was for a time the capital of Nigeria until it was transferred. However, it has the highest economic growth in the area.
As the most populous city in Africa, it is also widely recognized throughout the continent for its varied styles of music as styles such as Nigerian hip hop, Jùjú and Afrobeat have emerged.
2. Kinshasa (11 million inhabitants)
It is also known as the city of Kinshasa and is the capital of the Congo. It is the second most important city in Africa as it has a population of 11,855,000 inhabitants. This city is considered to be the “artistic capital” because important cultural samples are developed in it. In this way, there are various classical ballet and plastic arts schools.
Its first inhabitants date back to 1,000 BC, where the towns called Bantúes settled. Later these territories were invaded by the European colony, baptizing it as Leopolville until 1966, which the name Kinshasa was adopted.
3. Cairo (9.5 million inhabitants)
This ancient city is the most important in Egypt, the Middle East and Africa. It has 9,500,000 inhabitants, making it the eleventh most populous city in the world. Cairo is known as “the mother of all cities”, its foundation dates back to 116 AD and its history and culture is one of the most important, as well as being one of the most explored in the history of humanity.
This city is characterized by having a large number of museums and historical sites such as the pyramids or squares.
4. Johannesburg (5.6 million inhabitants)
It is the largest and most populous city in South Africa, with 5,640,000 inhabitants. It is considered one of the most important cities in Africa since it has the name of “global city”. It is located in the Witwatersrand hills, which has allowed it to grow economically as Johannesburg is the main oil exporter in South Africa and the main exploiter of mining resources.
In the same way, this city is an important cultural center visited by hundreds of tourists a year because here is the Mandela Museum, which was the home of Nelson Mandela. Similarly, this city was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, as it is considered the “cradle of humanity” since traces of the first hominids have been found there.
5. Alexandria (5.2 million inhabitants)
Alexandria is a city located in northern Egypt. It is currently the second most important city in Egypt, as it has a population of 5,200,000 inhabitants.
This city is of great importance in world history, as it was founded in 332 BC by Alexander the Great. Furthermore, between the 3rd and 6th centuries, the so-called “School of Alexandria” was developed in the city, where Neoplatonic philosophy was implemented.
Currently, important textile, chemical and shipbuilding industries are located in it. It should be noted that in this city there are several monuments considered a World Heritage Site, among them The column or pillar of Pompey, The Egyptian and Greco-Roman catacombs of Kom el Shukafa and The Qaitbey fortress.
6. Abidjan (4.9 million inhabitants)
Abidjan is the capital city of Ivory Coast. It is the main economic and commercial center of the country, in addition to being the second-most populous city in West Africa, with 4,980,000 inhabitants.
In this city textile, food, automobile and chemical industries are located, in addition to oil refineries. It also has a port area that facilitates trade in the region. On the other hand, various historical and natural monuments are located in this city, including the Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art, the Cathedral of Saint Paul and the Parque du Banco Forest Reserve.
7. Nairobi (4.7 million inhabitants)
Nairobi is the capital city of Kenya, and is known as the “Green City in the Sun”. It was founded in 1899 and over time it grew demographically until it became one of the main cities in Africa, with 4,720,000 inhabitants.
This city is of great importance at a social and cultural level, since important world organizations are established in it, among which the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) stands out.
8. Luanda (2.5 million inhabitants)
Luanda is the capital of Angola and is the main port city of Angola and Africa. This city was founded in 1576 by a Portuguese explorer, thus it has 2,570,000 inhabitants and is the third-largest Portuguese-speaking city in the world.
This city is the main economic center of Angola and important telecommunications companies, cement industries, textiles, among others, are located in it.
9. Bamako (1.8 million inhabitants)
Bamako is the capital city and one of the districts of Mali, and is the main port and trade center of the region. Similarly, it is divided into six communes and has a population of 1,816,366 inhabitants.
Its foundation dates back to prehistory, and excavations have found that the main inhabitants were indigenous ethnic groups such as the Niakates and Soninké. It is currently one of the main commercial centers in the region and is the main producer of meat, textiles, and metallurgy.
10. Khartoum (1.4 million inhabitants)
Khartoum is the capital city of North Sudan and one of the districts of the department that bears that name. This city is crossed by the Nile River, one of the most important hydrographic basins in the world, specifically where the so-called Blue Nile and White Nile are found, from Ethiopia and Uganda.
This city is characterized by having a growing economy, because in recent years oil exploitation has increased the nation’s income, attributing to Khartoum one of the most solid economies in the region.