Have you ever heard of countries that no longer exist but have once been in existence? We have the history of these countries and that is why we have provided you with the list of European countries that no longer exist.
Throughout our history, several things have already happened and here we have the European countries that no longer exist. Continents broke up; countries were formed, wars were fought.
And the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were great periods of unprecedented change in our history. As, in 1807, the Napoleonic wars were at their peak, and, in 2007, smartphones began to appear.
And one place where these changes were fairly rapid was in Europe. With the evolution of technology, the borders of nations have changed, and several states have disappeared. In the twentieth century, there was the breaking of ancient kingdoms and the birth of several new states, but not all of them managed to reach modernity. We show here some of these countries that no longer exist today.
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European Countries that no longer exist
Below is the list of the European countries that no longer exist;
The Habsburg monarchs ruled Austria and Hungary since the sixteenth century. They shared the same sovereign, but they were independent of each other, with their own parliaments and laws. But in the fall of the Holy Roman Empire, in 1806, the Habsburgs joined the countries of the Austrian Empire.
And Hungary, even if nominally independent and with its own parliament, was now part of a larger state.
Throughout the 19th century, the empire expanded, controlled dozens of different ethnic groups, such as the Serbs in the south and the Czechs in the north.
And with growing nationalism, the government fought to keep the empire together. At the height of the Austrian Empire, they had the fourth most developed industry in the world.
After the Austro-Prussian war, the Habsburgs reformed the country and renamed it Austria-Hungary, giving more powers to Hungary to appease the separatists.
With World War I, Archduke Franz Ferdinand made a plan to reform the country in the United States of Greater Austria, in which the country would be divided into 13 semi-autonomous states.
But the Archduke was murdered before his plans materialized. After World War I, Austria-Hungary was undone by the allies and divided into several smaller successor states.
In many ways, Czechoslovakia was born out of necessity. The Archduke of Austria received the crown of Bohemia in 1526, and from there, the Czech lands were a client kingdom of the Austrian monarchy.
Already Slovakia had been conquered by the Hungarians around the year 1000 and became part of the kingdom of Hungary. And with the formation of Austria-Hungary, they came together in one country.
The Czech lands had more than half of the industrial development of all Austria-Hungary. And along with the forced marginalization of the Slovaks, citizens on both sides stirred for independence.
And at the end of World War I in 1918, these efforts were successful. The allies recognized independence, and Czechoslovakia was born. At its height, the country was the tenth most industrialized on the planet.
After several conflicts, nationalist tensions on both sides caused a split in the government. Many Slovaks thought the country was dominated by the Czechs. And on the other hand, the Czechs thought Slovakia was the poorest region and drained the country’s resources. In 1992, the prime ministers of the two countries agreed to the peaceful division of the territories.
#3. Papal States
In the seventies and for another thousand years, the pope had a secular and religious function over the peoples of Europe and especially Italy.
People who live in the Papal States, even if they had other religions, the pope was their secular master. But the truth was that the pope’s influence was small and those in control were largely the independent princes in their territories. The Papal States existed as a way of protecting the Pope.
The papal states began to grow during the Renaissance. And in the 1800s, they became an increasingly outdated, retrograde nation and refused to agree to various liberal and social reforms.
In 1870, the Papal States were the only country in Europe that still practiced the castration of boys before puberty, so that they kept their voice to the singing.
With several wars, instead of surrendering, the papacy isolated itself inside the Vatican, and the successive Italian leaders refused to conquer it.
In 1929, the impasse was finally settled in the Lateran Treaty, in which the Papal States were abolished, and Italy recognized the state of the Vatican City.
#4. East Germany
After World War II, the United Kingdom, USA, and USSR agreed to divide Germany and Berlin among them. This meant that Germany would be divided into Soviet, American, British, and French zones.
But the British and American zones merged in 1947. And in 1949, the French agreed that their zone would join the other two and created the Federal Republic of Germany.
After a while, the Soviets gave control of their zone to the German communist party, the SED. Then came the Democratic Republic of Germany, which was also known in the West as East Germany.
The SED was a communist party and sometimes even surpassing the government in Moscow. The SED kept its orthodox Marxist line to the end.
Society in East Germany was quite controlled. And with all the restrictions, several people fled to the west side. And it was this brain drain that was one of the big factors in building the Berlin Wall.
After the first free election in 1990, the country dissolved and joined the Federal Republic of Germany a little later and ended with East Germany.
The concept of a Slavic nation of the south existed from at least the 1600s. However, it was little more than a dream at the time it was created suddenly after the First World War.
Before the war, the nations of Yugoslavia belonged to two powerful ancient empires that were Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. After the Treaty of Versailles, the empires were broken up, and the southern Slavs were united into one single state.
Before World War II, Yugoslavia found no allies and was invaded by Germany. The Germans divided the country, and royalty went into exile. After occupying the country, nearly two million people were killed. The Nazis were expelled by communist partisans who lined up in Moscow.
Then the country was dominated by Tito and his supporters. In 1948, Yugoslavia broke its connections with Moscow. Tito managed to keep the country together, but after his death, this began to disintegrate. Several factors led to irreconcilable differences between the governments of Yugoslavia. And the peak was the fall of the Soviet Union.
#6. Ottoman Empire
This was one of the oldest empires in history. It was first formed by Turkish seminomatous in the 1300s. They dominated the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeast Europe in the 1600s and 1700s. By the early twentieth century, it was overextended and struggling to control its hundreds of ethnic groups.
The empire struggled to keep up with the great powers of the world since the 1800s. And it relied on its powerful alliances to maintain its position. But by 1900 the country was diplomatically isolated and vulnerable.
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The Empire fought against its rebellions and resistance in Arabia and wanted to do an ethnic cleansing in the Armenian and Greek regions to diminish the resistance. But by 1918, everything was over.
In 1917, rebels were frustrated with the state of Russia and the slow pace of reforms. They were called Bolsheviks. After an internal struggle for power, they took control of Russia. Their influence increased, and in 1922 the Soviet Union was born. The goal of the new government was to implement true equality for all.
The dream began to sink shortly after its inception, with the death of its first leader. Stalin’s external interpretation of Marxism led to the birth of a state that could legitimately be considered one of the most influential and controversial in human history.
The following epoch of Stalin was the most successful of the USSR. But the Union entered a period of stagnation in the years after Khrushchev’s departure in 1964. By 1991 the situation was not improving, and so its members were one by one declaring independence, now USSR is one of the countries that no longer exist.
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