What are the 10 most polluted cities of the world? This article gives insight on the most polluted cities in the world, so if you have been wanting to know the dirtiest cities in the world we’ve got you covered in this post.
There are different types of pollution, but they are all harmful to the environment or to society. Discover the 10 most polluted cities in the world.
The level of pollution in large urban centers is very high. The inadequate disposal of garbage, the large number of cars and the decrease in the number of trees make life in big cities worse.
Pollution is a factor present in urban life, however, it is also present in rural areas. There are several types of pollution, among them visible and invisible.
With the accelerated industrialization and urbanization of the last decades, growth without attention to the impacts on the environment and on society are still common. As a result, pollution rates have increased rapidly, and now the movement around the clean world with resources for future generations is growing.
The lack of social and environmental responsibility of some companies and governments has transformed some cities into environments so polluted that life has become almost unviable.
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Here Are The Most Polluted Cities In The World 2020
10. Kabwe, Zambia – Lead
Kabwe has lead pollution from British colonization. Therefore, the mortality rate is high due to water contamination, it is a city located in Zambia with so much activities.
9. Sumgayit, Azerbaijan – Oil and heavy metals
Sumgayit is one of the most polluted cities in the world and is the most polluted city in Azerbaijan. The center of the Soviet oil industry, which had 40 pesticide and other chemical industries, gained a cursed heritage. During that time, the annual emissions of heavy metals varied between 64 thousand and 109 thousand tons. Today, the city inhabited by 275,000 people has 50 times more cases of cancer than the rest of the country. Babies have genetic problems, bone and neurological diseases.
8. Chernobyl, Ukraine – Radioactive dust
Perhaps the most well-known industrial accident in history caused an exposure 100 times greater than that of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Some estimates point to approximately 5.5 million people affected by the 1986 incident, the same number who still live in the vicinity of the city. Between 1992 and 2002, more than 4,000 children living within a radius of 25 km from the accident site developed thyroid cancer.
Over the years, plants, animals and people have suffered malformation, in addition to countless cases of cancer and other illnesses.
7. Norilsk, Russia – Air pollution
Home to the largest heavy metal smelting complex in the world, Norilsk produces cadmium, copper, arsenic, zinc and other materials responsible for air pollution. As a result, acid rain is common.
6. Dzerhinsk, Russia – Chemicals
The city of Dzerhinsk, which was once the Soviet Union’s major chemical weapons manufacturer, faces a serious problem with chemical contamination and is listed as one of the most polluted cities in the world. Between 1930 and 1998, more than 270 thousand tons of pollutants, such as dioxins and phenols, were disposed inappropriately. Today, the 300,000 inhabitants have a life expectancy of 42 years for men and 47 for women.
The city has been responsible for the production of chemical weapons since the Cold War and is highly polluted.
5. La Oroya, Peru – Lead
The American company Doe Run Corporation was appointed by the World Health Organization ( WHO ) as the main responsible for the pollution of the place. The city is contaminated with lead and the WHO points out that 99% of children have the metal in their blood. In addition, soil and water are also contaminated.
4. Kasaragod, India – Pesticides
The use of Endosulfan, used in the last 25 years to spray cashew plantations, has made this Indian city one of the most problematic places in the country. According to the Kasargod District Committee, due to the use of this pesticide, the city has a number of cases of disability, such as vision and mobility problems, 73% higher than the rest of the state of Kerala. The number of people with physical disabilities and mental retardation is 107% higher.
3. Sukinda, India – Hexavalent chrome and heavy metals
In this city is the largest mining complex for the extraction of, among other heavy metals, chromium, one of the largest carcinogens in existence. Sukinda is home to 97% of the country’s chromium reserves, Sukinda’s air, soil and water are contaminated by the metal. The contamination by these pollutants causes 2.6 million people living in the region to suffer from some type of cancer, breathing problems, irritation and chronic cough. In addition, contamination can cause tumors and affect the immune system.
2. Tianying, China – Lead
Pollution here is responsible for half of the country’s lead production, Tianyng has a concentration of heavy metal 8.5 times greater than any other city in China and 10 times more than the maximum supported by the human body. It is a city without any kind of environmental regulation and as a consequence, soil and water are also contaminated by heavy metal. According to the Blacksmith Institute, some of the effects of lead poisoning, faced by 150,000 people who live and work in the region, are learning problems, encephalopathy, stomach pains, kidney failure, anemia and brain damage.
1. Linfen, China – Air pollution
The most polluted city in China is home to 3 million people who are exposed to “black carbon”, carbon monoxide, arsenic and lead, the city is rated as the most polluted city on earth. These toxins are the fruit of the coal industries installed in the region. Again, the most affected are children, who develop bronchitis, pneumonia, lead poisoning and even lung cancer. A similar case occurs in the city of Norilsk, in Russia, where the extraction and processing of heavy metals affect 134,000 people. Approximately 16% of children die during birth.
The powder is dense and difficult to disperse in the atmosphere, so the air is charged. Coal contamination causes extremely recurrent lung disease, stroke, stroke, among others.
These are some examples of the lack of regulation and the total lack of commitment to the environment, to the health and well-being of the population, in addition to raising awareness about the worrying perspectives for the future of the planet.
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