Living in today’s society, abstinence from sex is no longer a measure as every tom and harry on the street thinks 70% of sex on a daily basis.
Studies reveal that the average American youth have about 70% of her thought channeled towards sex.
Assuming this is true, then its time we get the order 30% to the consciousness of sexually transmitted infections and disease.
Sexually transmitted disease( STD) is often associated with cocci bacterial either in chains or clusters which are referred to as streptococcus and staphylococcus receptively. It’s true that bacterial cause major and deadly infection/disease but STD doesn’t end with their elimination. There is even worse and more severe STD causative agent.
In this article, we will bring to your knowledge these STD infectious diseases with preventive measures and cure.
Chlamydia is an obligate intracellular microorganism, therefore, it requires a host for normal life functions. – chlamydia is composed of both RNA and DNA as opposed to the virus having either DNA or RNA. Chlamydia multiplies or replicates by binary fission.
Two strain of chlamydia exit and are: –
The former causes ornithosis and infect birds while the later cause a variety of human disease most especially STD. It also a major cause of blindness in humans. Chlamydia trachomatis can infect all age groups.
In this article, we restrict our self to just the strain: Chlamydia Trachomatis as it causative agent of STD in humans.
It is estimated that 10% of all people in the world carry chlamydia trachomatis in their reproductive tract and about 70% of the infected women does not have any symptoms.
The strain of chlamydia trachomatis:
– lymphogranuloma venereum which infect the lymphatic tissue of genitals
– ocular trachomatis is also a strain of trachomatis that cause blindness.
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted pathogen and it is a major source of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) leading to pain, dyspepsia, etc.
Transmission is favored by
– Contaminated fingers
– Dry rock climate
– Unprotected sex and also
– Aided by fomites (an innate object that can be used as transmitter e.g door handle, phones, etc.)
Clinical features of Chlamydia:
Note the difference between symptoms and signals Symptoms- are the complaint of a patient like- headache, back pains, dizziness, etc.
Signs- refers to the elicited fact by the health worker.
Symptoms of chlamydia start with fever followed by inflammation of the lymph node in genitals leading to pain, dyspepsia.
Use of antibiotics
Unlike most STD infections disease penicillin and aminoglycoside are not effective for chlamydia so they should not be used.
The most effective antibiotics drugs that should be used are those that work intracellularly, Example:
– azithromycin and
The best preventive measure is to abstain from sex. However, if one chooses to have sexual intercourse, ways to prevent being infected with chlamydia include:
– regular anal screening for chlamydia.
– having sex with people who is chlamydia free.
– consistent and proper use of latex condoms when having sex.
– lubrication- to avoid wear and tear of the vaginal wall which increases the possibility of contact. – use lubricants.
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