7 Important Functions of NAFDAC in Nigeria

In the dynamic landscape of public health and consumer safety, regulatory bodies play a crucial role in ensuring the quality, safety, and efficacy of products available to the public.

In Nigeria, the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) stands at the forefront of this mission, overseeing the regulation and control of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, and other consumables. This article explores the functions and significance of NAFDAC in Nigeria’s public health framework.

Establishment and Mandate:

NAFDAC, established in 1993, was created in response to the need for a dedicated agency to regulate and control the manufacture, importation, exportation, distribution, advertisement, and sale of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, and chemicals.

The agency operates under the auspices of the Federal Ministry of Health and is tasked with safeguarding public health by ensuring that only safe, effective, and quality products are available to consumers.

Key Functions of NAFDAC:

  1. Product Registration and Approval:
    NAFDAC plays a pivotal role in the registration and approval of products before they can be manufactured, imported, or distributed in Nigeria. This process involves rigorous evaluation of product formulations, manufacturing processes, and quality control measures to ensure compliance with established standards.
  2. Quality Control and Inspection:
    NAFDAC conducts routine inspections of manufacturing facilities, warehouses, and distribution points to monitor and enforce adherence to quality standards. This includes sampling and testing of products to verify their safety and efficacy.
  3. Regulation of Advertisement and Labeling:
    To prevent misleading information and false claims, NAFDAC regulates the advertising and labeling of products. This ensures that consumers are provided with accurate information about the products they purchase.
  4. Surveillance and Monitoring:
    NAFDAC maintains a surveillance and monitoring system to track the safety and performance of products in the market. This includes post-marketing surveillance and the investigation of adverse drug reactions or side effects reported by healthcare professionals and consumers.
  5. Capacity Building and Public Enlightenment:
    The agency is actively involved in capacity building initiatives for stakeholders in the food, drug, and related industries. Additionally, NAFDAC conducts public enlightenment campaigns to educate consumers about the importance of purchasing only registered and approved products.
  6. Collaboration and International Cooperation:
    NAFDAC collaborates with other regulatory agencies and international organizations to stay abreast of global best practices. This collaboration enhances the agency’s capacity to address emerging challenges and ensures that Nigeria’s regulatory framework aligns with international standards.

Significance in Public Health:

NAFDAC’s functions are integral to the protection of public health in Nigeria. By enforcing stringent standards and regulations, the agency helps to prevent the distribution and consumption of substandard and counterfeit products, which could pose serious risks to the well-being of the population.

NAFDAC’s commitment to quality assurance contributes to building trust in the healthcare and consumer product industries, fostering a safer and healthier environment for all Nigerians.


In its role as the regulatory authority overseeing food and drug administration in Nigeria, NAFDAC stands as a bulwark against the infiltration of substandard and harmful products into the market. Through its multifaceted functions, the agency contributes significantly to the enhancement of public health, ensuring that the products available to Nigerians meet the highest standards of safety, efficacy, and quality. As NAFDAC continues to evolve in response to emerging challenges, its commitment to safeguarding the well-being of the nation remains unwavering.