Are you planning to start a fish farming business and need a startup plan? This post will actively guide you on how you can prepare a comprehensive Fish Farming Business Plan in Nigeria.
Some of the very common questions in the minds of anyone who intends to start a fish farm in Nigeria are grounded on issues of capital, revenue, and profit analysis. This is not unusual as anyone venturing into any business wishes to know how that business can yield gains. Fish farming isn’t far from this narrative so if you wish to be enlightened on how the business is planned and all you need to know about a fish farming business plan, then read through till the end.
It’s no longer new that one of the lucrative business ideas that drive huge profits in recent times for entrepreneurs is agriculture. Whether you’ve tried out poultry farming, rabbitry, or the likes, a business plan for starting a fish farm may be your quickest path to financial breakthrough
What is Fish Farming?
Before a business plan can be analysed, the structures and blueprints of the business have to be well understood. Given that, fish farming simply means rearing fish for household and commercial purposes.
Both catfish and tilapia can be reared on a Nigerian fish farm, however, catfish farming is more commonly used for aquaculture in Nigeria. Good knowledge of fish farming can earn you massive profits in a few months. The question is, “Are you willing to learn the basics before scurrying off to secure a fish pond at a corner of your house?”.
The 70% of people who fail at fish farming in Nigeria are faced with such fate because they are in a rush to make money that they forget that the foundations are laid upon a well-defined fish farming business plan in Nigeria.
That cleared, let’s get to the main gist of this article.
Preparing a Fish Farming Business Plan in Nigeria
1. Fish Farming Orientation
To begin with, the first thing required of you to do before creating a fish farm business plan is to learn what the business is all about. You can’t just pick up a pen and paper and start writing down what you know little or nothing about.
To get yourself off , it’s important for you to meet a veteran fish farmer or a professional in the field to guide you through the journey of mapping out a successful fish farming business plan in Nigeria and beyond.
Having acquired a sound knowledge of the business, you should be able to know where to start, and what next in your course of mapping out the fish farm business plan.
2. Selecting a Fish Farm Location
In the course of planning out the structure to include in your fish farm business plan, you need to first put the location of the farm into consideration. Find a secure environment near the river, where there’s no kind of fish prey.
The fish farm should also be located close to the market to save transportation costs and maximise sales.
3. Finding a Water Source for Your Fish Farm
Also, you will need to plan diligently what or where will be the source of the fish pond water supply. This aspect of the fish farm business plan is so crucial as a result of the fact that pond water is required to be changed from time to time and failure to do so literally means you are endangering the lives of the fishes, as such may lead to a huge loss in the fish farming business investments.
Be informed that rainwater or treated water cannot be used for fish farming because they’re unfit for the fish hence, shouldn’t be recommended for standard fish farm use.
If you can’t set up your fish farm near a river then a small shed in your home would suffice. You would want to make sure that there is enough water in the area to cut down the cost of obtaining water for the pond.
Aquaculture is all about water, a good water storage facility would also be helpful in case there is a drought or during the dry seasons.
4. Picking the Right Land Mass
It’s very paramount for you to consider the capacity of the land intended to grow your fish. A soil test should be carried out to determine the soil pH and structural properties.
In the course of setting up a business plan for starting a fish farm, you should strategically map out means to get a well-defined landmass. This is because not all land types can give you your desired results in the fish farming business. If the soil is acidic, that can be corrected with lime.
5. Build a Fish Pond
After land and water sources have been checked on your fish farm business plan, head on to secure a fish pond. There are numerous kinds of fish ponds available in Nigeria; you can contact an expert to guide you on the best type of pond for your fish.
Pond design and construction should be based on the type and size of the fish pond you need to construct. You are to decide based on your capital and availability of natural water, whether to construct a levee-type pond or watershed pond, whatever you desired, it has to be carefully planned.
However, you need to keep in mind that you would be needing more than one pond for the different fish sizes and types. Also injured fishes would be kept in a quarantine pond.
6. Hiring Workers and Fish Security
If you intend to go into fish farming on a large scale, then you would need to hire workers to properly maintain and run the business. Thieves can get into your farm so ensure that lock up the structure properly to reduce losses. There should also be a regular power supply to keep the fish feeding even when it’s dark. A properly lighted farm also scares thieves away.
7. Fish Farm Management
Get good fish fingerlings and stock them up in your pond. Make sure that the person or hatchery you are buying the fish seeds from can be trusted else they would cheat you by selling bad fish seeds that never grow to you.
While breeding your fishes, you would need a management plan. This will guide you on the proper feeding habits for the fishes, and how regularly you need to disinfect the fish pond and treat the fish with antibiotics.
8. Harvesting and Marketing the Fishes
Before harvesting your fish make sure you have a committed buyer. You can also meet fish sellers, or go to markets and hotels to offer them a bid on your fish.
FAQs on Mapping Out a Business Plan for Starting a Fish Farm
How do you know a Catfish?
African Catfishes have large heads with small eyes and an elongated bony structure. Catfishes bred in Nigeria have a brown to a black colour and a white belly. Most of the catfish grown in Nigeria have very long anal and dorsal fins suited for buoyancy in freshwater bodies.
What kind of fish should I breed in my fish farm?
Most Nigerians prefer to rear catfish on their farms as they have higher chances of survival than other fish types.
Which countries are the best catfish producers?
Canada, Netherland, the United States and Belgium, are the highest-grossing catfish producers in the world. The cold weather in these regions makes the catfishes viable there.
Where can I rear my catfish?
Earthen ponds, plastic tanks, flooded plains, holes, cages, raceways, pits lined with tarpaulin, concrete ponds, and fibreglass are good sites for growing all types of fish.