Which country has the most Nobel prize? The Nobel Prize since its institution in 1900, has already been awarded to 876 personalities from the 5 prize segments: physics, medicine, literature, chemistry, economics, and in efforts for peace. And in this selection are the 10 countries with the most Nobel prizes.
The history of this award is magnificent, and it is called the most important in the world. Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, 1833-1896, was the inventor of dynamite and detonator, and also the creator of this award, which is held annually in Sweden.
The transistor radio, plastic, computer, penicillin, hard disk and digital camera are inventions resulting from the work of Nobel laureates.
Among the renowned, are Nelson Mandela, Theodore Roosevelt, Martin Luther King Jr, Mother Teresa of Calcutta and Barack Obama.
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10 Countries With The Most Nobel Prizes
#1. United States
The United States has 390 Nobel Prize laureates, leading the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel Prizes. The highlight is for David Jeffrey Wineland, American physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, in 2012, with Serge Haroche, for innovative experimental methods that enable the measurement and manipulation of individual quantum systems. And among so many awards received by David are the Frederic Ives Medal of 2004, Herbert Walther of the OSA Award of 2009, and the National Medal of Science of 2007. Practically, every year there is a North American winner in one of the 5 Nobel Prize categories. This has been repeated since 1943.
#2. United Kingdom
The UK has 134 Nobel laureates, ranking second in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel prizes. And the highlight is for Peter Mansfield, British physicist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2003, together with the American Paul Lauterbur, for the fundamental discoveries about the use of magnetic resonance.
Germany has 109 Nobel laureates in total. And Gerhard Ertl, a German physicist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2007. From 1955 to 1957 he studied at the University of Stuttgart, between 1957 and 1958 at the University of Paris and between 1958 and 1959 he studied at the University of Munich. Gerhard completed the Diploma in Physics, the same as a master’s degree, at the Technical University of Stuttgart, in 1961. In 1965, he earned a doctorate at the Technical University of Munich.
France has 71 Nobel laureates and is fourth in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel prizes. And René Samuel Cassin, a French jurist, received the 1968 Nobel Peace Prize for his work in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. And in that same year, René was also awarded a UN Human Rights Awards themselves. He founded the French Institute of Administrative Sciences, which was recognized as a public benefit association.
Sweden has 32 Nobel laureates and is fifth in the selection. Allvar Gullstrand was a Swedish ophthalmologist, having been awarded the 1911 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the intracapsular mechanisms by which visual accommodation is processed.
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Russia is sixth in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel prizes, as it has 31 laureates. The highlight is for Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov, Russian physicist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964, for essential work in the field of quantum electronics leading to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers, based on the principle of maser and laser.
Japan has 28 Nobel laureates, highlighting the Nobel Prize for Literature to Yasunari Kawabata in 1968, being the first in this country to receive.
Switzerland made it on the NO 8 spot of the top ten countries with the most Nobel prizes with 27 Nobel laureates.
Canada is ranked ninth in the selection of the 10 countries with the most Nobel prizes, with 27 laureates. The highlight is for Richard Edward Taylor, Canadian physicist, who received the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. The award was for pioneering investigations related to the inelastic scattering of electrons over protons, and about neutron bonds, which were fundamental for the development of the model of quarks in particle physics.
Last on the list of the countries with the highest number of Nobel laureates is Austria boasting of 22 Nobel laureates.